By Jenny Wormald
В этой книге объединены несколько статей – плоды исследований известных ученых, специалистов по шотландской истории – от римской эпохи до сегодняшнего дня. Сборник предлагает возможность ознакомиться с историей Шотландии, опираясь не только на старинные мифы, легенды и романы, но и гораздо более достоверные знания, позволяющие понять роль и значение Шотландии – весьма успешного и процветавшего королевства, занимавшего важное место в европейской политике.Образцы сканов: Содержание:
List of color Plates vii
List of Maps ix
List of participants xiii
1. Origins: Scotland to 1100
2. The Emergence of a geographical region, 1100–1300
3. Survival and Revival: overdue Medieval Scotland
MICHAEL BROWN AND STEVE BOARDMAN
4. Renaissance and Reformation: The 16th Century
5. self assurance and Perplexity: The 17th Century
6. Scotland reworked: The Eighteenth Century
RICHARD B. SHER
7. Workshop of Empire: The 19th Century
I. G. C. HUTCHISON
8. The Turbulent Century: Scotland in view that 1900
9. The Scottish Diaspora
10. Scotland’s Stories
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Extra resources for Scotland: A History
He was known to contemporaries as the author of an exegetical work on the holy places of the Bible and, above all, as the author of a remarkable law, Cáin Adomnáin, which, it was claimed, granted ‘the lasting freedom of the women of the Gaels’. Also known as ‘the Law of Innocents’, this text was a Geneva Convention of its day, intended to protect women and other non-combatants from the horrors of war and guaranteed as such by kings and leading clerics from throughout the Gaelic world and Pictland.
The twelfth century is often characterized as the period when Scotland opened up to outside inﬂuences, as if, previously, it had somehow been cut off from the wider world. Scotland had never been isolated, not since the Neolithic when the builders of stone circles and chambered tombs had participated in a religious and artistic tradition which stretched across Atlantic Europe from Portugal to Denmark. In the early medieval period, language linked Gaelic-speaking Scots to the Irish world, Norse-speakers to the farﬂung colonies of Scandinavians to east and west, and Latin linked them all to the international culture of the Christian Church.
As far as eastern Scotland was concerned, the need to participate in the defence of the realm may have been an important factor in the creation of a common culture: the aggression of their neighbours uniting the diverse peoples of Alba in obedience to a single king whose powers were enhanced in this time of crisis. Part of that process was the decline in status of the rulers of the former Pictish regional kingdoms. Authority over territories such as Atholl, Angus, and Mar was delegated by the king to ofﬁcials known as mormaer (literally, ‘sea steward’).
Scotland: A History by Jenny Wormald