By Lawrence S. Cunningham
The Vatican. The Inquisition. birth control. Celibacy. Apparitions and miracles. Plots and scandals. The Catholic Church is seldom out of the scoop. yet what do its one thousand million adherents fairly think, and the way do they placed their ideals into perform in worship, the relations, and society?
This down-to-earth account is going again to the early Christian creeds to discover the roots of contemporary Catholic considering. It avoids getting slowed down in theological technicalities, and throws mild on elements of the Church's institutional constitution and liturgical perform that even Catholics can locate baffling: why visit confession? How are humans made saints? what's 'infallible' in regards to the Pope? issues addressed comprise: • scripture and culture • sacraments and prayer • renowned piety • own and social morality • reform, challenge, and interreligious discussion Lawrence Cunningham, a theologian, prize-winning author and college instructor, presents an outline of Catholicism this day so one can be vital for undergraduates and lay learn teams.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Catholicism (Introduction to Religion)
Their claim to that territory had been legitimized by the “Donation of Constantine,” which, in fact, had been a forged document as was clearly shown in the Renaissance period by the humanist scholar Lorenzo Valla. Nonetheless, the Papal States had been maintained under the rule of Rome. As early as the time of Dante, who wrote scathingly of the matter in the Divine Comedy, it forced popes to act simultaneously as temporal rulers with specific The nineteenth century: The end of the Papal States 39 political interests and also as the spiritual head of the Catholic Church.
The pope, according to Leo, held the power first given to Peter as a right of inheritance even though, personally, he was not a saint as great as Peter. It was the role of the successor of Peter to govern the Church, and, in that governance, it was the successor of Peter and not the emperor who held the right of governance. The sixth century saw a series of unremitting invasions, wars, and despoliations of the Italian peninsula to a degree that, it has been estimated, at the beginning of the century Rome’s population had dwindled to fewer than 50,000 people (there had been 800,000 in Rome at the beginning of the fifth century).
Attempts were made to distance the Church from Roman control in Italy itself (in Tuscany), and, after the French Revolution, priests were made civil servants; all clerics had to make oaths of allegiance to the State. Diplomatic relations between Rome and France were broken off, and the pope deemed all state bishops and those who took the French oath as acting sinfully and illicitly. In 1802, Napoleon Bonaparte invaded the Papal States, annexed portions of them to France, and carried away, as indemnity, many manuscripts and artworks to Paris.
An Introduction to Catholicism (Introduction to Religion) by Lawrence S. Cunningham