By William P. Leahy
Professor Leahy recounts the tutorial tensions among spiritual ideals and highbrow inquiry, and discover the social adjustments that experience affected better schooling and American Catholicism all through this century. He makes an attempt to give an explanation for why the numerous progress of Catholic faculties and universities used to be now not constantly matched via concomitant educational esteem within the greater international of yankee larger schooling.
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Additional info for Adapting to America: Catholics, Jesuits, and Higher Education in the Twentieth Century
Increased knowledge of the Catholic educational past should enhance understanding of Catholic higher education, Catholicism, and contemporary culture in the United States. Page xii Notes 1. , American Catholics: A History of the Roman Catholic Community in the United States (New York: Oxford University Press, 1981), 187; "Report on the Attendance at Catholic Colleges and Universities in the United States," Catholic Educational Association Bulletin 12 (August 1916): 7; and The Official Catholic Directory, 1989.
Arthur Hadly and Woodrow Wilson, the first lay presidents of Yale (1899) and Princeton (1902), respectively, were among the men chosen more for their academic and administrative abilities than for their moral and spiritual qualities. This replacement of clergy as presidents indicated the decline in clerical talent but also the degree of secularization in American higher education. 64 Moreover, freedom, pluralism, and toleration increasingly prevailed against former sanctions and orthodoxy. Schools gradually dropped religious qualifications for hiring and retention of faculty, and chapel attendance became optional.
Professor Lewis B. Mayhew of Stanford unfailingly responded to my questions about the development of American higher education, and he always was a source of encouragement. J. of the Jesuit School of Theology, Berkeley, California about Catholic higher education, Catholicism, and contemporary culture in the United States. , a staff member of the Computer Services Division of Marquette University, gave generously of his time and energy in helping me through the intricacies of preparing these pages on a computer.
Adapting to America: Catholics, Jesuits, and Higher Education in the Twentieth Century by William P. Leahy