By Kazunobu Matsushita, Hirohide Toyama, Naoto Tonouchi, Akiko Okamoto-Kainuma
This ebook offers all points of acetic acid micro organism (AAB) and gives the long run objectives and instructions of AAB examine. It summarizes the specified physiological homes of AAB and the hot development on AAB research, particularly within the following 5 components: 1) Molecular phylogeny and genome learn of AAB; 2) Ecological positive aspects of AAB: interplay with vegetation, normal fermentation platforms, and bugs; three) Physiological positive aspects and dwelling concepts of AAB, together with fast oxidation skill, acid resistance, biofilm formation, and genetic instability; four) Molecular mechanisms of a number of oxidative fermentations akin to acetate fermentation, sorbose fermentation, and ketogluconate fermentation; five) fresh biotechnological points of AAB: biocatalysts, biosensors, biocellulose, and different precious polysaccharides.
AAB study has an extended historical past because the discovery of AAB via Louis Pasteur and the id of AAB by means of Martinus Beijerinck within the 19th century. within the 20th century, uncomplicated learn at the taxonomic learn of AAB and on biochemical examine for the original oxidative reactions of AAB had improved in addition to the economic program of AAB not just in vinegar fermentation but in addition within the bioconversion procedure for helpful chemical or pharmaceutical items. getting into the twenty-first century, AAB examine has accelerated extra, and additional development is predicted to be visible in all fields of AAB: category and ecology, body structure and biochemistry, genetics, and biotechnology of vinegar fermentation and different oxidative fermentations. Far-reaching improvement within the final decade makes those micro organism extra worthwhile for numerous commercial makes use of. Readers can receive necessary and entire details that's fascinating in features of simple technological know-how and gives tricks for the higher software of those micro organism to varied varieties of functional creation situations as well.
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Extra info for Acetic Acid Bacteria: Ecology and Physiology
2013) and Yamada (2014). K. Walker in 1956. 5 mol%. bac’ter. Gr. pref. endo, within; N. L. masc. n. bacter, rod; N. L. masc. n. Endobacter, a rod isolated from the inside of a root nodule of alfalfa. The strain of the genus Endobacter was isolated from a surface-sterilized nodule of alfalfa in Spain; it is quite remote phylogenetically from other acetic acid bacteria and constituted an independent cluster in a phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. Cells are gram negative, coccoid to rod shaped.
2-Keto-D-gluconate and 5-keto-D-gluconate are produced from D-glucose. Acid is produced from D-arabinose weakly, L-arabinose, D-xylose, L-rhamnose weakly, D-fructose with delay, D-galactose, D-glucose, D-mannose, melibiose, sucrose, raffinose, D-mannitol weakly, D-sorbitol with delay, dulcitol weakly, meso-erythritol, glycerol, or ethanol. Grows on D-arabinose weakly, L-arabinose, D-xylose, D-fructose, L-sorbose, Dgalactose, D-glucose, D-mannose weakly, sucrose, raffinose, D-mannitol, D-sorbitol, dulcitol, meso-erythritol, or glycerol.
Cellulose- and non-cellulose-producing acetic acid bacteria isolated from vinegar. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 63:1119–1125 Cavalcante VA, D€obereiner J (1988) A new acid-tolerant nitrogen-fixing bacterium associated with sugar cane. Plant Soil 108:23–31 Cleenwerck I, De Vos P (2008) Polyphasic taxonomy of acetic acid bacteria: an overview of the currently applied methodology. Int J Food Microbiol 125:2–14 Cleenwerck I, Vandemeulebroecke K, Janssens D, Swings J (2002) Re-examination of the genus Acetobacter, with descriptions of Acetobacter cerevisiae sp.
Acetic Acid Bacteria: Ecology and Physiology by Kazunobu Matsushita, Hirohide Toyama, Naoto Tonouchi, Akiko Okamoto-Kainuma