By L. R. Poos
A Rural Society after the Black dying is a research of rural social constitution within the English county of Essex among 1350 and 1500. It seeks to appreciate how, within the inhabitants cave in after the Black demise (1348-1349), a selected fiscal surroundings affected traditional people's lives within the parts of migration, marriage and employment, and likewise contributed to styles of non secular nonconformity, agrarian riots and unrest, or even rural housing. The interval lower than scrutiny is usually obvious as a transitional period among 'medieval' and 'early-modern' England, yet within the gentle of contemporary advances in English historic demography, this examine means that there has been extra continuity than switch in a few significantly vital features of social constitution within the quarter in query. one of the most vital contributions of the booklet are its use of an unprecedentedly wide variety of unique manuscript documents (estate and manorial documents, taxation and criminal-court documents, royal tenurial files, and the files of church courts, wills etc.) and its program of present quantitative and comparative demographic tools.
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Additional resources for A Rural Society after the Black Death: Essex 1350-1525
10 But medieval villages from quite early on 9 10 This is based upon a comparison of Essex's 78 known markets (Britnell, 'Essex markets before 1350') with Nottinghamshire's 32 (Unwin, 'Rural marketing in medieval Nottinghamshire') and Staffordshire's 45 (Palliser and Pinnock, 'The markets of medieval Staffordshire'). Staffordshire had roughly three-quarters the geographical area of Essex; Nottinghamshire was about three-fifths Essex's size. Both of these Midlands counties had lower population densities, and higher proportions of non-inhabitable territory, than Essex.
567. It should be noted that the subsidies' base was (largely male) household heads. C o r n w a l l , Wealth and society, p p . 2 0 1 - 3 , 268-9: solely o n t h e basis of p r o p o r t i o n s of all taxpayers assessed at 'nil' or £i, Essex ranked roughly equal with Sussex, Suffolk and Buckinghamshire, slightly higher than Rutland, Lincolnshire and Leicestershire, but much higher than Cornwall, Shropshire, or more northerly counties. These lists are used here because they are especially scrupulous in distinguishing the basis of taxation (wages, goods, or land) for each taxpayer.
This township's local settlement topography is discussed further later in this chapter. For the basis of this estimate of its total resident population in 1377, see below, Appendix A. Cf. Clark, The English alehouse, p p . 20-34. 40 'Country-dwellers, common folk and craftsmen' most leet-court records in Essex during the period. At Boreham, a small market centre where no more than about 140 people dwelt in 1441, the leet court of that year mentioned in connection with such infractions two butchers, a fishmonger, a baker, and eight brewers and four regrators (retail sellers) of ale, all the latter twelve being females.
A Rural Society after the Black Death: Essex 1350-1525 by L. R. Poos